Genome - Wikipedia
In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism. It consists of DNA (or RNA in RNA viruses). The genome includes both the genes (the coding regions) and the noncoding DNA, as well as mitochondrial DNA and chloroplast DNA. The study of the genome is called genomics.
What is a genome? - Genetics Home Reference - NIH
A genome is an organism’s complete set of DNA, including all of its genes. Each genome contains all of the information needed to build and maintain that organism. In humans, a copy of the entire genome—more than 3 billion DNA base pairs—is contained in all cells that have a nucleus.
Genome | Definition of Genome by Merriam-Webster
Genome definition is - one haploid set of chromosomes with the genes they contain; broadly : the genetic material of an organism. How to use genome in a sentence.
Human genome | Britannica
The human genome includes the coding regions of DNA, which encode all the genes (between 20,000 and 25,000) of the human organism, as well as the noncoding regions of DNA, which do not encode any genes. By 2003 the DNA sequence of the entire human genome was known.
Home - Genome - NCBI
Genome This resource organizes information on genomes including sequences, maps, chromosomes, assemblies, and annotations.
Genome | Definition of Genome at Dictionary.com
genome [ jē ′nōm ] The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in all cells except reproductive and red blood cells.
What is a genome? | Facts | yourgenome.org
A genome is an organism’s complete set of genetic instructions. Each genome contains all of the information needed to build that organism and allow it to grow and develop. Our bodies are made up of millions of cells? (100,000,000,000,000), each with their own complete set of instructions for making us, like a recipe book for the body.
Human genome - Wikipedia
The human genome is a complete set of nucleic acid sequences for humans, encoded as DNA within the 23 chromosome pairs in cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual mitochondria. These are usually treated separately as the nuclear genome, and the mitochondrial genome.
National Human Genome Research Institute Home | NHGRI
About the National Human Genome Research Institute At NHGRI, we are focused on advances in genomics research. Building on our leadership role in the initial sequencing of the human genome, we collaborate with the world's scientific and medical communities to enhance genomic technologies that accelerate breakthroughs and improve lives.