The genome is the entire set of DNA instructions found in a cell. In humans, the genome consists of 23 pairs of chromosomes located in the cell’s nucleus, as well as a small chromosome in the cell’s mitochondria. A genome contains all the information needed for an individual to develop and function.
Genome - Wikipedia
A genome sequence is the complete list of the nucleotides (A, C, G, and T for DNA genomes) that make up all the chromosomes of an individual or a species. Within a species, the vast majority of nucleotides are identical between individuals, but sequencing multiple individuals is necessary to understand the genetic diversity.
A Brief Guide to Genomics - Genome.gov
Genomics is the study of all of a person's genes (the genome), including interactions of those genes with each other and with the person's environment. What is DNA? Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the chemical compound that contains the instructions needed to develop and direct the activities of nearly all living organisms.
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What is a genome? – YourGenome
A genome is an organism’s complete set of genetic instructions. Each genome contains all of the information needed to build that organism and allow it to grow and develop. Our bodies are made up of millions of cells? (100,000,000,000,000), each with their own complete set of instructions for making us, like a recipe book for the body.
Genome Definition & Meaning - Merriam-Webster
genome noun ge· nome ˈjē-ˌnōm : one haploid set of chromosomes with the genes they contain broadly : the genetic material of an organism The idea behind sequencing an organism's genome —decoding, letter by letter, the message contained in every last one of its genes—is that it would tell us a lot about how the organism works.
Human genome | Britannica
human genome, all of the approximately three billion base pairs of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that make up the entire set of chromosomes of the human organism. The human genome includes the coding regions of DNA, which encode all the genes (between 20,000 and 25,000) of the human organism, as well as the noncoding regions of DNA, which do not encode any genes.
genome | Learn Science at Scitable - Nature
A genome is the complete set of genetic information in an organism. It provides all of the information the organism requires to function. In living organisms, the genome is stored in long...
Genome Definition & Meaning | Dictionary.com
genome. [ jē ′nōm ] The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in all cells except reproductive and red blood cells.
GENOME | English meaning - Cambridge Dictionary
Meaning of genome in English. genome. noun [ C ] biology specialized uk / ˈdʒiː.nəʊm / us / ˈdʒiː.noʊm /. the complete set of genetic material of a human, animal, plant, or other living thing. SMART Vocabulary: related words and phrases.